Here is the latest economic data.
These figures are regularly brought up to date in cooperation with the Dortmund Statistics Office.
As the Federal Statistics Office announced in January, last year the German economy grew more strongly than any year since the boom year of 2000. The gross domestic product (GDP) increased by 2.5%. If you look at a calendar-adjusted figure - there were two more working days in 2006 than in 2005 - then there is a growth rate for the gross domestic product of 2.7% for the year 2006. One year previously the gross domestic product rose by just 0.9%. The strong upswing was, unlike in previous years, mainly due to domestic demand and not to exports which had provided the drive in the two years before. In 2006 domestic demand contributed 1.7% towards growth. On average during the year, according to the Federal Statistics Office, almost 39.1 million employees had a workplace in Germany, 258,000 or 0.7% more people than one year before. In the year 2005 the annual average employment level had gone down by 52,000 people or 0.1%, The number of employees once again reached the 2002 level in the year 2006. At the same time the 0.7% increase in the number of people in employment means the strongest increase in employment in comparison to the previous year since the year 2000.
Continuing structural change is also apparent in the way employment figures have developed. When considering the different economic sectors we can see the annual average for 2006 shows that almost three quarters of people in employment had jobs in the service sectors. The proportion of those employed in these sectors in relation to all employees rose from 59.5% in the year 1991 to 72.3% last year. In the primary and secondary sectors the proportion of people employed continued to go down accordingly: In the manufacturing industry, but not including the construction industry, the proportion of those in employment sank by 9.3 %, from 29.3% to 20.0%. In the construction industry the proportion of employed people, according to the employment figures in the year 1995 (8.6% of those employed) continued to fall and in 2006 was at 5.55 % which is 1.8 percentage points below the year 1991. A recognized indicator for the current market development in Germany is the "ifo-business climate index", see fig.01. Once again It rose for the German commercial economy in December 2006 and continues the increase that had already begun in the autumn of 2005. "The German economy is currently enjoying the most extraordinary boom since 1990", reports Hans-Werner Sinn, President of the ifo-Institue in January 2007.
For the third time in a row companies judged their prospects for the next six months more positively. They reckon on having almost the same good chances for export business. The economic development in North Rhine Westphalia in the year 2006 was also extremely pleasing according to the Rhenish-Westphalian Instiute for Economic Development (RWI). Economic growth amounted to 2.1%, the number of unemployed decreased by 100,000 to a level of 10.7 %. The market expert at RWI, Roland Döhrn, assumes that the upswing in NRW is well founded and is assured by the producing industries, the investment goods industry and exports. The employment market in the Ruhr Region is following the positive NRW trend. This mirrors in particular the falling unemployment rate of 13.3 %, showing a drop of 1.7 percentage points compared to the end of 2005. The economic upswing has now reached all areas of business according to the results of a market survey carried out by the Ruhr Region's chambers of industry and commerce in autumn 2006.
The IHK Business Climate Index stands at 117 points, a value which was last reached 15 years ago. The business situation is valued by 35% of companies as "good", a strong increase of 7 points in comparison to the previous survey. The proportion of those who see their situation as "bad" has gone down to 13%. The last time such a low level of dissatisfaction was recorded was in the autumn of 1991. A similar turnaround is shown clearly in industry. At the beginning of 2006 every fifth company reported increased domestic orders, in the current survey this came to almost twice as many.
Employment and education in numbers
|Employed people with workplace here (2007)||total: 289.200|
|Employees subject to social insurance contributions according to business sectors (06/2007)||189,022 of which women: 45.27%|
|Agriculture and forestry||868|
|Energy and water supply||2,997|
|Hotel and catering||4,711|
|Financial and insurance business||11,275|
|Services for companies, rental, real estate services||36,888|
|Public Administration and Agencies||11,488|
|Source: LDS NRW|
(Proportions of employees subject to social insurance contributions)
|Agriculture and forestry||0,50 %|
|Service companies (total)||79,04 %|
|Source: LDS NRW|
|Employment market Dortmund|
|Unemployment rate||13.9% (04/2008)|
|Total number of unemployed||39,877|
|Source National Employment Agency, as of 2006|
|Educational establishments||Departments||Students/pupils Winter Semester 05/2008|
|Technical University||16 (WS 06/07)||24,600|
|University of Applied Science||7||8,300|
|IT-Center Dortmund||155 (05/2008)|
|University of Applied Science for Public Administration Dortmund||3||495 (03/2005)|
|General education schools||175||67,000 (07/2006)|
|Trade schools||16||22,900 (07/2006)|
|Adult Education Centers||38,500 (2006)|
|Research and continuing education|
|Research establishments and institutes||34|
|Further education establishments run by other organizations||More than 15|